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AIOU Solved Assignment MA code 673 Spring 2020 Assignment 1& 2  Course:Handicapped Persons in the Community (Code 673)M.A Special education Spring 2020. AIOU past papers

AIOU SOLVED ASSIGNMENT Code 673 Spring No:  1& 2
Handicapped Persons in the Community (673)M.A Special education
code 673 Spring, 2020

history of familial criminality. Youths who engage in high levels of antisocial behaviour are much more likely than other youths to have a biological parent who also engages in chronic antisocial behaviour. Farrington, Barnes and Lambert (1996) followed 411 males from 397 London families from eight to 40 years of age. They found that half of the criminal convictions recorded in the sample were accounted for by only 6% of the families. Fifty-three percent of males with a convicted family member were themselves convicted, compared with only 24% of those without a convicted family member. Robins et al (1975) found similar results in the US.
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AIOU Solved Assignment 2 Code 673 Spring 2020

Variance in physically aggressive behaviour
Family effects explained 38% of total variance in physically aggressive behaviour after controlling for age, sex, socioeconomic status and family structure. Siblings are more similar to each other than to children of other families. The odds of a second child being highly physically aggressive if the first child was aggressive were found to be three or four times higher than if the first child was non-aggressive. Twin studies have been conducted to identify the extent to which genetic and environmental naming effects are involved. A recent US twin study found that there were no genetic effects of social traits during adolescence, but important genetic effects on anti-social traits during adulthood, Goldberg, Meyer. The authors concluded that the similarity of antisocial behaviour during adolescence was mainly due to family environments, while the similarity during adulthood, when siblings have left the common family environment, was due to genetic similarity.
Birth to Two Years of Age
Infant distress is recognizable through moods of fussiness and disturbed eating and sleeping patterns. Toddlers can revert to separation anxiety and become clingy, fearful or withdrawn.

AIOU Solved Assignments Code 673 Spring

Two to Four Years of Age
Distress signs in this age group are marked by verbal outbursts of anger, power struggles and tantrums. Children may also regress to earlier behaviors such as bed wetting, thumb sucking and needing to be held.
Five to 12 Years of Age
School age children may show signs of withdrawal and have a difficult time concentrating in school. Emotions can range from sadness to anger. Difficulty with friendships and aggressive behaviors are not uncommon. There is a tendency for children to develop physical symptoms of stress, such as stomachaches and headaches.
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12 to 15 Years of Age
Preteens and early adolescents have a difficult time with parent loyalty and can often pit one parent against the other in an attempt to control the situation. They may refuse to live with one parent or another. Children in this age group may become defiant with moodiness and depression setting in. Escapism through drinking, drugs and sexual activity may arise.
16 to 18 Years of Age
An unstable home may derail the normal steps toward independence in this age group. Children may experience depression and loss of interest in school, social activities and life in general. They may get into problems with the law, drop out of school and attach themselves to the wrong peer groups.
Helping a Child through the Stress of Divorce
Talk to your child, invite questions and help him to express his thoughts and feelings. Be supportive and acknowledge his right to grieve. Seek help from a family or child therapist should emotions and negative behaviors become a real concern. Stay positive. Most behavior issues are temporary; 80 percent of children of divorce go on to lead successful, well-adjusted lives.
Placing a child with a learning disability into the appropriate classroom is an important step in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. There are several steps that must happen for a child to step into the proper classroom, and coordination between the parent, teachers and other professionals at the school is essential.

AIOU Solved Assignments Code 673 Spring 2020

Q.2 Discuss the need of rehabilitation professional during education and training of handicapped children. (20)

It cannot be denied that a significant part of the world’s population is living with either a mental or physical disability. While many individuals cannot function on their own without constant care provided by either family or a special facility, there are others who have the ability to be productive, selfdetermined members of society. Vocational rehabilitation programs are one of the main ways of teaching life and work skills to these disabled, but functioning, individuals.
Definition
Vocational rehabilitation, at its core, is a set of services provided to individuals who suffer from mental or physical disorders, but who still have the ability and desire to learn and function productively. These services include education, job training and skills that will be needed to get and keep a job. Vocational rehabilitation services are sometimes offered to those who have undergone an injury, or who have endured a mental disorder to try and retrain them for work again.

AIOU Solved Assignment 1 & 2 Code 673 Spring 2020

Participation Requirements
There are certain standards that a person must meet in order to be enrolled into a vocational rehabilitation program. Requirements can include a participant’s age (usually 16 years old and up), having a disability that is a significant barrier to employment (like a psychotic disorder, learning
disorders, etc.), being unemployed or under employed, among others.
Regulations
Vocational rehabilitation services are most often provided by the state, but oftentimes private organizations wish to provide them as well. To make sure that an organization is offering legitimate vocational rehabilitation services, the government issues operating permits. The organization must
show that its facilities, staff, training and services are all on par with the requirements of the local and state governments. Additionally, government officials make regular visits, checking up on the progress and standards of vocational rehabilitation services.

AIOU Solved Assignment 1 Code 673 Spring 2020

Services
The services offered are tailored to each individual who needs them. For instance, a person who suffers from a learning disability may be assigned a job coach to help them locate a job, and then stay with them until they’re comfortable in their position. An individual who suffers from a physical disorder, like a blind person, may need other services, such as technology that reads a computer screen to them so
that they have the ability to type.
Difficulties
As with any system, vocational rehabilitation has its share of problems. The programs tend to gear those who are rehabilitated for low-end, low-paying jobs, such as food service or janitorial work. Additionally, it is the decision of the counselor as to whether a person’s disorder is too severe to allow them to gain any benefit from rehabilitative services. For those who believe they can do more, or who feel that they’re being patronized by the slow pace of vocational rehabilitative services, the system is also likely to discourage them from continuing training.
Identification
Vocational rehabilitation is a service that helps people with physical or mental disabilities find employment and retain it. It usually is offered through state government agencies. There also is a federal program for disabled veterans.

AIOU Solved Assignment 1 & 2 Code 673 Spring 2020

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